Not really on an existing drawing with previously created dimensions.
There is a config option create_drawing_dimensions_only YES but it will only apply to dimension you created AFTER the option was applied.
There are some drawbacks to using this option. I only remember an issue with GD&T and not being able to attached GD&T to drawing dimensions when this option was applied. I am on Creo 4 and don't know if it has changed with the newer GD&T stuff. There may also be other issues this option causes too. I would definitely test it thoroughly before using it too much.