Building Structural Design - Shear Capacity of Welded Studs
Chapter 2: Structural Steel Beams, Part 2
Shear studs are welded to the top flange of a steel beam to connect the beam to a concrete slab, forming a composite section. The composite section is stronger and stiffer than a steel beam of the same size that is not connected to the slab with shear studs. The slabs may be either a solid concrete, concrete placed on permanent steel forms or a composite section consisting of concrete and a composite steel deck.