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## Equation of a multi-layer coil

Hello,

I want to create a curve describing a multi-layer coil, similar to that shown in the picture: This is a representation of several layers of cable on a winch drum, with the direction of spooling reversing at each layer change.

Working in cylindrical coordinates, each point on the curve has a radius, (r), an angle, (theta) and an axial position along the drum, (z). Thus, assuming the radius of the drum is r0, the diameter of the cable is d and the length of the drum is L, as the angle, theta, around the drum increases, so the z value increases by d each time theta increases by 360, until z=L, when r changes to r0+d and z starts to decrease. When z gets back to zero, r increases again by d and z starts to increase, and so on until the drum is filled or the end of the cable is reached.

As you can see, I have devised a way to create the curve, based on a series of points at discrete r, theta and z values, calculated using an Excel spreadsheet. The z value calculation uses an IF statement to determine whether it increases or decreases.

Ideally, I would like to use a single equation inside Creo/Pro/Engineer to define the curve, rather than importing points from Excel. Sadly, Pro/Engineer has a rather limited set of functions available for curves based on equations - you can't use IF, FOR, ABS, INT, to name but a few.

So, my question is this:
Is it mathematically possible to describe the shape shown using a single equation to produce r, theta and z values, but without using conditional statements, ABS or INT?

I think the answer is 'No', but I would like to be sure...

I thought the MathCad community would be more likely to know the answer than the Creo community, hence asking the question here, rather than in Creo.

Thanks,

John

3 REPLIES 3

## Re: Equation of a multi-layer coil

 you can't use IF, FOR, ABS, INT, to name but a few.

So I guess there is no MODulo function either and Creo will not evaluate boolean expressions to 0 or 1 as mathcad.

## Re: Equation of a multi-layer coil

That's right.

It's as if someone thought, 'How can I make this as difficult as possible to use? I know, I'll remove most of the really useful functions!'

## Re: Equation of a multi-layer coil

As there would not be a Heaviside step function, too, I can't think of a way to describe the coil using just one continous function, too.