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## Integration Error

Dear Community:

I am user of MathCad 15. Integrate operation does not work. Integrate( t + a )dt answers 1/2( t + a )^2 instead of 1/2 t^2 + a t.

Is it a known bug?

Zeus.

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1 ACCEPTED SOLUTION

Accepted Solutions

## Re: Integration Error

I found that, to make the initial conditions equal 0 or the additive constant equal 0, I must use definite integral from 0 to t in this case.

Which is the result, in a simple way, that I was looking for.

Thank you again.

Zeus

7 REPLIES 7

## Re: Integration Error

 Zeus Escudero wrote:... Integrate( t + a )dt answers 1/2( t + a )^2 instead of 1/2 t^2 + a t....

1. What do you think you would get if you differentiated 1/2( t + a )^2 wrt t?

2. Indefinite integration is only defined up to an arbitrary constant (which Mathcad sets to zero).

3. Expand 1/2( t + a )^2? and compare with 1/2 t^2 + a t, bearing in mind comment number 2.

Alan

## Re: Integration Error

Dear Alan:

The definite integral from 0 to t works ok. Are there options or preferences to force making the integration constant equals to 0? (as viewed 1/2 a^2 as inategration constant is so arbitrary).

Thanks

Zeus

## Re: Integration Error

You could do the following:

Alan

## Re: Integration Error

One problem is that there is no such thing as THE constant of integration - especially when the result can be written in different ways. Look at the next integral the result of which can be written in at least three different ways:

which constant of integration should Mathcad set to zero?

Of course Mathcad could default to eliminate any additive constant in the result regardless which way it may display it, but Mathcad isn't built that way (and sometimes I find that annoying, too).

This is what Mathcad does and at least one can say that the RHSs are ident

## Re: Integration Error

I found that, to make the initial conditions equal 0 or the additive constant equal 0, I must use definite integral from 0 to t in this case.

Which is the result, in a simple way, that I was looking for.

Thank you again.

Zeus

## Re: Integration Error

Dear Alan:

In this example is easy to see the constant monomial, but, I am integrating large polinomials. I don't think this solution can be practical for a repetitive work.

In the other hand, Thank you for the idea to use definite integrals.

Zeus

## Re: Integration Error

Well, fine if it works for the functions you are dealing with.

But keep in mind that this "method" will not get rid of all constants and may even add one.

Sometimes you may even get erranous results.

Furthermore I would suggest not using the same variable for integration and limit.