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## Understand which parameters can be extracted from Flow Analysis

Currently we are running some external CFD analysis on parts of our robot to get the lift and drag coefficient and the center of pressure [1].

The simulations are performed using ANSYS Fluent [2].

Considering that the CAD model of the robot is designed using PTC Creo, and considering that recently PTC has introduced a module for flow analysis [3], we would like to run such simulations directly in Creo.

The only problem is that so far we didn't find a document or a video explaining how to get the lift and drag coefficient and the center of pressure.

Here the questions:

- Do you know if it is possible to get the lift and drag coefficient and the center of pressure for external CFD?

- Do you have a link to a document that explains how to run such simulations?

Thank you.

Streamlines for a flow around the iCub head with Re=4x10^5 (velocity= 15 m/s). Simulations with Ansys FLUENT. Post-processing with CFD post inside FLUENT. Locomotion and Control IIT
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## Re: Understand which parameters can be extracted from Flow Analysis

Hi,

Yes, you can select the surface and create a xyplot to monitor pressure or shear force on that surface.

To compute lift and drag coefficient, we can use expression to do that very easily. You can use expression to define equations and formula.  We also support user defined variable for xyplot.

Example of cl, cd calculation

-----------------------------------------------

den=1.16
area=1
aoa=15*pi/180
vmag=200
cx=cos(aoa)
cy=sin(aoa)
nx=-cy
ny=cx

drag=(flow.px@patch.surfname + flow.tx@patch.surfname)*cx
+(flow.py@patch.surfname+flow.ty@patch.surfname)*cy

lift=(flow.px@patch.surfname + flow.tx@patch.surfname)*nx
+(flow.py@patch.surfname+flow.ty@patch.surfname)*ny

plot.cd = drag/(0.5*den*vmag^2*area)
#plot.cd: Drag Coefficient []

plot.cl = lift/(0.5*den*vmag^2*area)
#plot.cl: Lift Coefficient []

-----------------------------------------------------

here flow.px@surfname means pressure force x component from flow module at surfname patch

similarly, flow.tx means shear force x component.

For the center of pressure, we need to do an integration of x times pressure of x component on all external surfaces and it is straightforward to use expression to write it.

----------------------------------------------------------------------

cpx = integral(x*flow.pressure*normal.x, patch.surfname)/flow.px@surfname
plot.cpx = cpx
#plot.cpx: Center of Pressure x []

----------------------------------------------------------------------------

ls@simerics.com

Thanks.

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## Re: Understand which parameters can be extracted from Flow Analysis

Hi

For the package, if you only have external fluid dynamics problems. You only need the basic package, that includes flow, turbulence, heat transfer and all post processing tools. The setup is very straightforward. Most of external fluid problems,  we can get the converged solution in couple minutes. We can also show the results in the real time during the calculation.

For the cl, cd and center of pressure calculation,  you can select the surface and create a xyplot to monitor pressure or shear force on that surface.

To compute lift and drag coefficient, we can use expression to do that very easily. You can use expression to define equations and formula.  We also support user defined variable for xyplot.

Example of cl, cd calculation

-----------------------------------------------

den=1.16
area=1
aoa=15*pi/180
vmag=200
cx=cos(aoa)
cy=sin(aoa)
nx=-cy
ny=cx

drag=(flow.px@patch.surfname + flow.tx@patch.surfname)*cx
+(flow.py@patch.surfname+flow.ty@patch.surfname)*cy

lift=(flow.px@patch.surfname + flow.tx@patch.surfname)*nx
+(flow.py@patch.surfname+flow.ty@patch.surfname)*ny

plot.cd = drag/(0.5*den*vmag^2*area)
#plot.cd: Drag Coefficient []

plot.cl = lift/(0.5*den*vmag^2*area)
#plot.cl: Lift Coefficient []

-----------------------------------------------------

here flow.px@surfname means pressure force x component from flow module at surfname patch

similarly, flow.tx means shear force x component.

For the center of pressure, we need to do an integration of x times pressure of x component on all external surfaces and it is straightforward to use expression to write it.

----------------------------------------------------------------------

cpx = integral(x*flow.pressure*normal.x, patch.surfname)/flow.px@surfname
plot.cpx = cpx
#plot.cpx: Center of Pressure x []

----------------------------------------------------------------------------

Thanks.

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amazing

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## Re: Understand which parameters can be extracted from Flow Analysis

Hello CFD Geek,

I really want to know the drag coefficiënt of a car I developed. (it's for school en for the shell ecomarathon) Could you help me? I have no clue what I need to do...

I put the body into flow analysis and everything works, I just don't understand what I need to do to get the drag coefficiënt...

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## Re: Understand which parameters can be extracted from Flow Analysis

Hi Ruben1,

It is very simple to do that in Creo Flow. We have a tutorial for external flow to demonstrate that. I will send you the link soon. Thanks.

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## Re: Understand which parameters can be extracted from Flow Analysis

Thanks! I could really use that tutorial!

I don't wanna be rude, but I need to hand in my paper in 3 weeks, would be nice if I can put the result in my paper...

Thanks again!

Ruben

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## Re: Understand which parameters can be extracted from Flow Analysis

1. In the Flow Analysis Tree, under Physics, select Common.
2. Click :

XYPlot. A new entity xyplot3 is added in the Flow Analysis Tree under Results > Derived Surfaces > XY Plots.

This plot doesn't show up for me tho...

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Regular Member
(in response to Ruben1)

## Re: Understand which parameters can be extracted from Flow Analysis

@cfdgeek Could you help 🤔 😑

I'm sorry to annoy you xp...

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## Re: Understand which parameters can be extracted from Flow Analysis

Hi, if that does not show up, it means you are using some old version of creo parametric. What version are you using? Please make sure you are using the same version as in that tutorial. If you cannot upgrade creo parametric, that custom variable is saved in a file called xxx_integrals.dat in the folder of your creo model.  You can find it out from that file after the simulation finished.

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## Re: Understand which parameters can be extracted from Flow Analysis

I use Creo 5 .

I took a screenshot of what I have...

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## Re: Understand which parameters can be extracted from Flow Analysis

The 2nd column is your cd, please refer the column data to its caption title

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## Re: Understand which parameters can be extracted from Flow Analysis

Hi,

Do you mind mentioning which school team are you working for this project? We may help your team on that project for CFD and aerodynamics design questions. thanks.

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## Re: Understand which parameters can be extracted from Flow Analysis

hello cfdgeek,

We are from 'Vives Kortrijk -  Belgium.'

https://www.vives.be/nl/opleidingen/industri%C3%ABle-wetenschappen-en-technologie/bachelor-autotechn...

"The 2nd column is your cd, please refer the column data to its caption title"

How do I need to do that exactly?

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## Re: Understand which parameters can be extracted from Flow Analysis

That is the drag coef you are look for.

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## Re: Understand which parameters can be extracted from Flow Analysis

``time	userdef.Coefficient_of_Drag``

the 2nd column data

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## Re: Understand which parameters can be extracted from Flow Analysis

yes, but there are so many different values in that 2nd column data. wich value is the right one?

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Regular Member
(in response to Ruben1)

??

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## Re: Understand which parameters can be extracted from Flow Analysis

For sure you get a list of CD, CFD solves the NS equations iteratively. Your CD should converge to the true CD while you residual get converged. Just take the value when the solution get converged.

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